5 November 2022 - 12:18
Great Mosque of Esfahan

Great Mosque of Esfahan, Persian Masjed-e Jame, complex of buildings in Esfahan, Iran, that centres on the 11th-century domed sanctuary and includes a second smaller domed chamber, built in 1088, known for its beauty of proportion and design.

Iran (IMNA) - The Great Mosque of Esfahan (Masjed-e Jame) is still one of the chief architectural glories of the city. At the southern end of the architectural masterpiece is the Imam Ali Mosque that only one tall minaret has remained of its original building.

Great Mosque of Esfahan

The central sanctuary was built under the direction of Nizam al-Mulk, vizier to the Seljuq ruler Malik-Shah, probably between 1070 and 1075. It stands at the south end of the courtyard. Its large brick dome is supported by 12 heavy piers. The smaller dome stands at the north end of the courtyard. This single-shelled dome is a structural masterpiece that has survived centuries without damage.

Great Mosque of Esfahan

The room—made of small gray baked bricks—encloses an area approximately 30 feet (9.1 metres) square and 60 feet (18.2 metres) high. The dome rests on a series of arches, with 16 at the top and one broad arch framed between two narrow ones in each wall at room level. The mosque complex, framed by four huge eyvans, or vaulted niches, includes structures built at various periods from the 11th century to the 18th—among them, private chapels, a school, a library, and a treasury.


Britannica

News Code 617078

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