سازه های آبی شوشتر

Shushtar historical hydraulic system, which is known as a masterpiece of creativity, engineering and art, traced back to the Achaemenid period, the reign of Darius the Great, in the 5th century B.C; however, the main part of its construction dates back to the Sassanid era. This system was registered in UNESCO World Heritage List in 2009, with the registration number of 1315.

Iran (IMNA) - Much of the Shushtar's fame is due to the fact that it is one of the world's most impressive structures and has been called as "the largest industrial complex" in the world before the Industrial Revolution.

The system is composed of large water channels, mills, bays, bridges, dams, waterfalls, and interconnected tunnels that work together with great harmony and continuity. This large scale system has numerous functions in irrigation, supplying urban water, and acts as a defensive system.

There are two main channels in this site that pass through the Karun River; one of them is called Gargar; an artificial watercourse which was constructed on the channel by the order of Ardeshir I, the founder of the Sassanid dynasty, is still in use providing water for the residents of Shushtar through several tunnels.

The handmade ancient stairway which has more than 200 steps, is located in the southern side of the water cascades, and connects this site to the residential area. Shadorvan Grand weir or Caesar Weir is the core structure of this system which has 44 floodgates, that only 37 of them have remained intact up to the present time.

It is very amazing to see the engineering of such sophisticated system dating back to the ancient. You will be excited when you enter this beautiful area after crossing a narrow stairway!

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