• 7 September 2017 - 11:51
  • News Code: 318407
birthplaces of smart humans

The latest achievements of archeological explorations in Kaldar Cave, Khorramabad in Lorestan Province, indicates that Iran is among the first birthplaces of smart human beings in West Asia, IRNA reports.

The Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted head of the team for archeological explorations in Kaldar Cave Behrouz Bazigar announcing this in a gathering held at the Research Institute of Archeology as saying that before explorations at Kaldar Cave all the attention was focused on Shamat region, but excavations in Kaldar Cave with a record of 54,400 years led to the chronology of new Paleolithic layers.

He pointed to the Gibraltar, the Sicilia, the Palestine corridor and Bab-el-Mandeb as the four possible routes of migration and dispersion of smart humans (Homo sapiens).

The first wave and the primary data available about the smart man, puts the presence of these humans in the African continent at 195,000 years ago, he added.

Bazgir also referred to discovery of a 60-thousand-year evidence in Australia, the rocky Qafza haven in Shamat and Fuyan Cave in China with 80 to 120 thousand years old. 

He went on to say that the first evidence found of human presence in the European continent dates back to 40,000 to 43,000 years ago.

Meanwhile, he referred to the discovery of an area in Morocco 300,000 years old and also to different sites of the second migration wave of smart humans in the Shamat region and the Asian continent. 

The Kosar Eklil site in Lebanon with 48,000 years old, Manor in occupied Palestine with 49,000 years old and Kaldar Cave in Khorramabad are among the most important sites in this regard, he added.

Bazigar also announced discovery of the oldest evidence about use of natural tar in Iran and West Asia, and said in the part of placing the arrowhead on the wood they would use the natural adhesive substance.

Referring to the 54-year old of the new Paleolithic layer in Kaldar Cave, he said in the vicinity of the area a reservoir of raw material was discovered, which somehow was the place for keeping the natural tar.


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